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ISSN: 1813-4610

Contemporary Developments in Saudi Society A Historical Study

Mithaq Khairallah Jalood

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 9-50

Saudi Arabia, through its history, passed in changes. As far as social aspect, oil revenues affected So many changes inside Saudi society such as ways of living after Saudi towns changed to modern and huge towns.
Population structure in Saudi Arabia stayed without any changes except the development of middle class, merchants and businessmen. But the middle class still did not take its role in the society. It is expected that Saudi Arabia will witness changes in cultural and economic aspects in the near Future So this is clear through measures taken by Saudi leadership

Western Hostages Crisis and its Impact on Iran-West Relations 1979-1991 A Historical Study

Abdalrazaq Kh. Mohammed; Abdalrazaq Kh. Mohammed

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 51-81

Iran used kidnapping and releasing western hostages as a way of political pressure. Then it was first tested in Tehran at the end of 1979 after of the US embassy personnel were taken hostage. Later, it was applied in Lebanon to the end of 1991, where hostage detaining came to an end, which was of the more important equivocal issues In Iranian- Western relations. By using this policy, Iran achieved a lot of objectives which reflect its basic interest with the West; Thus, studying this matter is as surveying the problematic of Iran's relation with Western states

The project for the New American Century

Faris Turky Mahmood

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 83-132

This research entitled " The Project for the New American Century " deals with one of the most important think tanks established by neo-conservatives that enabled them to exert considerable influence on the Bush administration. The research has been divided into four sections , The first section deals with the beginning of the emergence of think tanks, their nature, origin , development , types . and the most prominent roles and tasks they perform . In the second section , we highlight the establishment of the project for the New American Century and discuss the circumstances and reasons that helped to establish it and the objectives to be achieved through it, and we deals with the most important figures that contributed to the establishment and management it .
The third section was devoted to the activities and efforts exerted by the project, which aimed at influencing the Clinton administration's foreign policy in a manner consistent with the objectives and directions of the Center . In the fourth section we speak about the influence of the New American Century on the Bush administration and the most important methods and mechanisms of that impact and their consequences and implications.

Strategies of Managing International Negotiations Conceptual Framework

Marwan Salem Al Ali

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 133-182

Negotiation strategies embody the foundation stone of succeeding any negotiations, they reflect the two negotiation points of view as a science and an art, where they depend on the scientific origins and concepts, besides the personal experiments and skills, they determine the general perception which is formed by them. Negotiation represents a practice process and it asks the negotiator to be aware about the negotiation environment and its frame and strategy, negotiation process has its own conditions and rules, also it has certain laws, so those who practice it have to be stick with these rules and these conditions. So negotiation skills are not arbitrary made, but they are a result of practice and experience, so we can say nature of relationship between the two negotiation sides determines the procedure which is used in the negotiation process, and this procedure determines the selected strategy, then these strategies can be varied and expanded according to the different procedures of negotiation, concentration was made on strategies of mutual interest procedure, challenge procedure, where negotiation relationship among the negotiation parts could be considered either mutual interest relationship which means cooperation or challenge relationship depends on competition or enmity

Regional Studies Center and its Relations with Similar Research Centers

Sanna Abdullaa Azize Al Taaie

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 183-210

Regional Studies Center was established in 1985 in the name of "Turkish Studies Center". On September 2003, after the American occupation of Iraq, its name was as "Regional Studies Center" since it concerns with Iraq and its surrounding states. During the past "32" years It has had strong radiation with adopt of think tanks and equal foundations in and out Iraq..
Regional Studies Center , during its life history, adhered to be associated with the community and state –owned centers and foundations related to its specialization-It presented consultation to decision makers and participated in Conferences and Symposiums. Also it set Forth Studies and researches and everything that can be done especially establishing Scientific, research and consultative relations with similar centers and foundations in and out of Iraq

Iraqi –UAE Relations 1969-1971

Bashar Fathi Jasim

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 211-236

The period of the paper represents a stage in the modern political history of Iraq. This period included the attitudes of Iraq and the first was the establishment of the United Arab Emirates as an independent state and its recognition officially by the Arab league and the United Nations. Iraq presented political support materially and morally to this state till its rise in December 2, 1971. This paper included three basic titles. The first is the talks about the establishment of this state. The second is the declaration of the state of Iraq. As for the third title، it is about the attitude of Iraq towards the occupation of the three islands (Tunb Al-kubra, Tunb Al-Sughra and Abu Musa) by Iran، We thrid through this study to show the role played by Iraq in supporting the Arab states and standing beside them in all troubles which faced these states.

Political System and Multiculturalism's Problematic In Iraq After 2003

Mohammed Saleh Shtaeb

Regional Studies, Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 237-268

The deepen crisis in Iraq is ranging from constitution that was formulated by the American occupation of Iraq. The system depends on sectarian quotas, starting from the transitional Governing Council which was formed on 13/7/2003, until now. Iraq is still suffering from a comprehensive national crisis which characterized by: inefficiency of political process that based on ethno-sectarian division, persistence of violence, this two pillars are hindering the process of state and society reconstruction. In addition, the behaviors of political parties and movements after 2003 making crisis more deepened in the shadow of absence of a comprehensive national vision. The political system became infective during ISIS control on territories in Iraq after 2014, at the same time, it impacted society and its components which lead to regions and ethnicity loyalties on the one hand, and may strengthen division and dismantling on the other hand. Iraq needs political factions believe in real reforms, supporting "Iraqi citizenship", formulating a state of citizenship, encourage people's participation, and establishment of institutions and social society on the basis of competence and experience, not on religion or ethnicity

Political Developments in Algeria and Problem of Development (1999-2009)

Kifah Abbas Ramadan Al-Hamadani

Regional Studies, In Press

The future of sustainable development in Algeria is not connected directly with mechanisms and indicators of good governance as much as it is connected first with mentality of ruling elite on one hand, and the extent of understanding of alphabets of opposing partisan work in particular on the other hand, on the base that the attempt of applying the mechanisms of good governance to activate the tracks of sustainable development depends the shoulders of ruling elite, but before materializing it in reality, there must be materializing thoughts of good governance and development in the mentality of ruling elite first of all.
Thus, achieving comprehensive and balanced development in Algeria and materializing it on reality which pass first through changing the mentality of ruling elite and improving political performance of parties in general and opposition in particular, and then content of both two parties with mechanisms of good governance secondly.

Convergence Plan 2007: Map delineation of thepermanent borders of Israel

Mohamed Gamal El Din Al Alawi

Regional Studies, In Press

Abstract
The American "Road Map" project includes a permanent
settlement for the Palestinian – Israeli conflict establishing a
Palestinian state that lives beside Israel within safe borders. However
the Israeli politicians escape committing to the project of permanent
settlement heading to a temporary settlement for the conflict; starting
from Ariel Sharon's disengagement plan from Gaza and ending in
the new separation plan, called the assembly plan, which was
declared by Ehud Olmert, the Israeli prime minister. This plan
includes a unilateral withdrawal from some of the Israeli settlements
in the West Bank aiming at demarcating permanent borders for
Israel. The plan has got American guarantees.
Despite eliminating and ignoring the Palestinian side from the
plan, the former will be able to enforce itself, even on the Israeli
stand whatever it is, if it knows how to unify, form and crystallize its
efforts in regaining its right in Palestine.

European Security Developments

Waleed Mahmood Ahmed

Regional Studies, In Press

The concept of European security witnessed variables mission that began since the Westphalia, which established a new concept in international relations was based on the sovereignty of States, and founded the balance of power, and played the European countries a key role in international security, when Europe was controlled by the balance of world powers until the outbreak of World War II, but global balance of power after the war moved from the European continent to the outside, and even became a European security, however, the two Soviet and American cold War period, and then took another twist on the European Security after the Cold War, representing the transition from the world when he was European security means security of international to the continental European security is no longer refers to international security, the concept of the sovereignty of States, founded by the Conference of Westphalia "thing" of the past.
There is a paradox in European thought on this issue, after the First World War began to Europe is looking to get rid of its recent past based on the glorification of force and arms, but after the American hegemony, seems more nostalgic to look for defensive capabilities confirming their presence in the vision of twenty-first century.

Syrian National Socialist Party and His Coup Attempt In Lebanon 1961-1962

Fathi A. Khalaf

Regional Studies, In Press

The coup attempt of the nationalist socialist Syrian party against the regime of Fuad Shihab and it's results upon the party itself and the Lebanon society had been tackled in this research. The factors that encouraged and pushed the party to do so had been displayed as well as the foreign support. Also the inside and outside reaction had been dealt with in this research. Moreover this research submitted something about the prosecution of those who contributed in this coup. Finally the results of the research had been presented.

Cultural development in the Arab World (Cultural development and the Arab political system)

Rawa Zeki Younis yihyia AL tawel

Regional Studies, In Press

To the extent that development of human vision or centered on the rights and aspiring to strengthen the position of the individual, freedom and creative abilities have to be a greater need to increase investment in culture and transfer of development itself to the cultural development. And vice versa, as far as deny development of man and focus on its profit-making business or build military might and superiority which eliminated the relative importance of culture and less interest in them and behind the values of reason and freedom and peace.

Cultural development in the Arab World (Cultural development and the Arab political system)

Rawa Zeki Younis yihyia AL tawel

Regional Studies, In Press

To the extent that development of human vision or centered on the rights and aspiring to strengthen the position of the individual, freedom and creative abilities have to be a greater need to increase investment in culture and transfer of development itself to the cultural development. And vice versa, as far as deny development of man and focus on its profit-making business or build military might and superiority which eliminated the relative importance of culture and less interest in them and behind the values of reason and freedom and peace.

Syrian National Socialist Party and His Coup Attempt In Lebanon 1961-1962

Fathi A. Khalaf

Regional Studies, In Press

The coup attempt of the nationalist socialist Syrian party against the regime of Fuad Shihab and it's results upon the party itself and the Lebanon society had been tackled in this research. The factors that encouraged and pushed the party to do so had been displayed as well as the foreign support. Also the inside and outside reaction had been dealt with in this research. Moreover this research submitted something about the prosecution of those who contributed in this coup. Finally the results of the research had been presented.

Czechoslovakia As A Model For Peace Disintegration And Transformation From Communist Socialistic Regime To Liberal Capitalistic One: Failure & Success

Mahmood Salim Jasim

Regional Studies, In Press

After about two decades we try to study a model of transformation for a political system from socialist communism to democratic liberal capitalism in order to clarify the pros and cons affecting each aspect of life by the velvet revolution of 1989 in Czechoslovakia, and the achievements by the democratic transformation, after the political landscape has witnessed the emergence of about 100 parties organizations, movements, and political associations'. moreover, prices have risen 300% compared with the communist system. A new class emerged, besides the strategic transformations by joining the NATO in 1999, then joining the European Union in 2004. The research also tackles the consequences of separation and the political, economic and security movements and failures from 1993-2009 .

The development of tourism & travel services, and economic performance of a sample of developing countries

Ahmed Tarik Mahmood ALaga

Regional Studies, In Press

The travel and tourism sector has become one of the most important sources of the economies of several developed and developing countries for its role in the gross domestic product in addition to its direct effect on the employment , improving the balance of payments position through importing hard currency
The present study aims at introducing the concept of tourism , its types and its role in the economical variables as well as the total impact if the increased degree of competition in this sector on the total output of the sample countries.
The study divided into two parts the first one focuses on the theoretical frame of this sector while the second part deals with the analysis of the indicators of the development in this sector and its effect on the gross domestic product of the sample countries.

Toward Resource Efficiency And Environment Sufficiency In Sustainable Development:

Nawfal Kasim Ali Al-Shahwan

Regional Studies, In Press

This study aims to confirming the importance of more of resource efficiency, social sufficiency, and good environment for sustainable development referring to the some comparative experiments of Iraq and neighbors.
Economic literatures on development experiments at both developed and developing show that achieving the balance between the mentioned things is a very complicated and important matter at the time. Always there is a shake of the two pans and it is impossible for the balance to continue together, i.e. one by one while the other being on an opposite direction. The result development losing it's sustainability conditions coinciding with the conditions change.
Success of economic policies depends on essential bases, may the environment is the most important one in making use of abounded resources for economic development. The success of using resources in turn depends on two things. The first is success of economic efficiency; the second is achieving social adequacy, so called social sufficiency.

Journal Information

Publisher: Mosul University

Email:  regionalstudies2003@yahoo.com

Editor-in-chief: Assistant Professor Dr. Mohammad A. Yonis Al_Obeydee

About Journal

Regional Studies:is a scientific,quarterly,academic and refereed journal; issued by Regional Studies Center. The first issue of it was in 2004; it publishes 4 issues yearly; it aims at publishing Studies concerning affairs and relations of Iraq and neighboring states in political, economic,historical...
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