Volume 12, Issue 37, Autumn 2018, Page 9-268
Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 9-50
Saudi Arabia, through its history, passed in changes. As far as social aspect, oil revenues affected So many changes inside Saudi society such as ways of living after Saudi towns changed to modern and huge towns.
Population structure in Saudi Arabia stayed without any changes except the development of middle class, merchants and businessmen. But the middle class still did not take its role in the society. It is expected that Saudi Arabia will witness changes in cultural and economic aspects in the near Future So this is clear through measures taken by Saudi leadership
Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 51-81
Iran used kidnapping and releasing western hostages as a way of political pressure. Then it was first tested in Tehran at the end of 1979 after of the US embassy personnel were taken hostage. Later, it was applied in Lebanon to the end of 1991, where hostage detaining came to an end, which was of the more important equivocal issues In Iranian- Western relations. By using this policy, Iran achieved a lot of objectives which reflect its basic interest with the West; Thus, studying this matter is as surveying the problematic of Iran's relation with Western states
Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 83-132
This research entitled " The Project for the New American Century " deals with one of the most important think tanks established by neo-conservatives that enabled them to exert considerable influence on the Bush administration. The research has been divided into four sections , The first section deals with the beginning of the emergence of think tanks, their nature, origin , development , types . and the most prominent roles and tasks they perform . In the second section , we highlight the establishment of the project for the New American Century and discuss the circumstances and reasons that helped to establish it and the objectives to be achieved through it, and we deals with the most important figures that contributed to the establishment and management it .
The third section was devoted to the activities and efforts exerted by the project, which aimed at influencing the Clinton administration's foreign policy in a manner consistent with the objectives and directions of the Center . In the fourth section we speak about the influence of the New American Century on the Bush administration and the most important methods and mechanisms of that impact and their consequences and implications.
Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 133-182
Negotiation strategies embody the foundation stone of succeeding any negotiations, they reflect the two negotiation points of view as a science and an art, where they depend on the scientific origins and concepts, besides the personal experiments and skills, they determine the general perception which is formed by them. Negotiation represents a practice process and it asks the negotiator to be aware about the negotiation environment and its frame and strategy, negotiation process has its own conditions and rules, also it has certain laws, so those who practice it have to be stick with these rules and these conditions. So negotiation skills are not arbitrary made, but they are a result of practice and experience, so we can say nature of relationship between the two negotiation sides determines the procedure which is used in the negotiation process, and this procedure determines the selected strategy, then these strategies can be varied and expanded according to the different procedures of negotiation, concentration was made on strategies of mutual interest procedure, challenge procedure, where negotiation relationship among the negotiation parts could be considered either mutual interest relationship which means cooperation or challenge relationship depends on competition or enmity
Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 183-210
Regional Studies Center was established in 1985 in the name of "Turkish Studies Center". On September 2003, after the American occupation of Iraq, its name was as "Regional Studies Center" since it concerns with Iraq and its surrounding states. During the past "32" years It has had strong radiation with adopt of think tanks and equal foundations in and out Iraq..
Regional Studies Center , during its life history, adhered to be associated with the community and state –owned centers and foundations related to its specialization-It presented consultation to decision makers and participated in Conferences and Symposiums. Also it set Forth Studies and researches and everything that can be done especially establishing Scientific, research and consultative relations with similar centers and foundations in and out of Iraq
Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 211-236
The period of the paper represents a stage in the modern political history of Iraq. This period included the attitudes of Iraq and the first was the establishment of the United Arab Emirates as an independent state and its recognition officially by the Arab league and the United Nations. Iraq presented political support materially and morally to this state till its rise in December 2, 1971. This paper included three basic titles. The first is the talks about the establishment of this state. The second is the declaration of the state of Iraq. As for the third title، it is about the attitude of Iraq towards the occupation of the three islands (Tunb Al-kubra, Tunb Al-Sughra and Abu Musa) by Iran، We thrid through this study to show the role played by Iraq in supporting the Arab states and standing beside them in all troubles which faced these states.
Volume 12, Issue 37, Pages 237-268
The deepen crisis in Iraq is ranging from constitution that was formulated by the American occupation of Iraq. The system depends on sectarian quotas, starting from the transitional Governing Council which was formed on 13/7/2003, until now. Iraq is still suffering from a comprehensive national crisis which characterized by: inefficiency of political process that based on ethno-sectarian division, persistence of violence, this two pillars are hindering the process of state and society reconstruction. In addition, the behaviors of political parties and movements after 2003 making crisis more deepened in the shadow of absence of a comprehensive national vision. The political system became infective during ISIS control on territories in Iraq after 2014, at the same time, it impacted society and its components which lead to regions and ethnicity loyalties on the one hand, and may strengthen division and dismantling on the other hand. Iraq needs political factions believe in real reforms, supporting "Iraqi citizenship", formulating a state of citizenship, encourage people's participation, and establishment of institutions and social society on the basis of competence and experience, not on religion or ethnicity